People who at least once were interested in the whole surrogacy process know that surrogacy is divided into two main types. Nowadays there is gestational and traditional surrogacy. The main difference between these types is that in case of traditional surrogacy the surrogate mother is genetically related to a child, while in case of gestational type there is no biological connection between the surrogate and the intended parents of a child. Gestational surrogacy nowadays has become much more popular in comparison with the situation that was several years ago. People create new families or expand the existing ones with the help of surrogates through the gestational surrogacy. In this article, we will consider the most important information about this surrogacy type and consider its advantages and disadvantages.
Gestational Surrogacy. What is it?
As it was mentioned above, in the case of gestational surrogacy child doesn’t have any biological relation to the surrogate mother. This is one of the main reasons why people prefer this surrogacy type and why it is not as strictly prohibited by the law in many countries as the traditional surrogacy. While carrying the gestational surrogacy egg and sperm of the genetically native parents of a child or donors if one of the parents (or both) suffer from infertility are used to get the embryo in the laboratory conditions through the medical process which is called in-vitro fertilization. After that, the embryo is transferred into the uterus of the surrogate mother. This surrogacy type suits people who for a long time suffer from infertility, women who are unable to safely carry the pregnancy in the term, couples who don’t want any genetic relations between their child and surrogate, single parents and same-sex couples.
What is the Mechanism of the Gestational Surrogacy?
Nowadays the gestational type of surrogacy is considered to be much more popular than the traditional one. The whole surrogacy process in such case is divided into four main stages – finding a match (surrogate that fits all your requirements), drafting and signing the legal contract where all the surrogacy moments are mentioned, transferring an embryo to the surrogate mother or “gestational carrier” as it is often called, and transferring the baby to its genetically native parents after childbirth.
Parents who decided to use the gestational surrogacy services have to options to choose from- they can either use the services of the surrogacy agency or to perform each stage of this process on their own.
Regardless of the way you choose the first stage of the gestational surrogacy process is to find a match. After this, both the surrogate and parents work with their attorneys to discuss all the responsibilities, risks, rights, and monetary compensation. When the agreement between the two parties was achieved, they draft and sign the contract. Then it’s time for the medical examination and procedures. Through the process of in-vitro fertilization, an egg of the genetically native mother (or donor) is fertilized with the sperm of the genetically native father (or donor) and then is transferred into the uterus of a surrogate. Speaking about the genetic relation of a child the situation depends on whose egg and sperm was used for the process:
|1. Genetically native mother’s egg + genetically native father’s sperm||Both of the parents will be genetically native to a baby;|
|2. Genetically native mother’s egg + donor’s sperm||Only the mother will have a genetic relation to the baby;|
|3. Genetically native father sperm + donor’s egg||Only the father will be genetically native to the baby;|
|4. Donor’s egg + donor’s sperm||Neither the biological mother nor biological father will be genetically native to a baby.|
After transferring the embryo into the surrogate’s uterus, surrogate mom will carry it as her own until the childbirth when she will have to return it to its genetically native parents.
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Gestational Surrogacy
As well as everything in our life, gestational surrogacy has its own pros and cons. Let’s see what they are. Among the main advantages of the gestational surrogacy are:
- Gestational surrogacy is not so strictly prohibited as the traditional one;
- There is no genetic connection between a baby and a surrogate;
- This is one and only way to create a family for single parents or same-sex couples.
Among the disadvantages of this surrogacy type are:
- The intended parents need to entrust the whole pregnancy process to the surrogate;
- The process of gestational surrogacy is legally difficult and you need an attorney to sort out all the surrogacy laws.
Many of these pros and cons refer not only to the gestational type of surrogacy but to the traditional also. Prior to making a final decision a couple should carefully weight all advantages and disadvantages of each type and decide which of types will be more suitable to their family.
Legal Side of the Gestational Surrogacy
It’s quite hard to sort out on your own in each moment of the surrogacy laws as they are very complicated. It is highly recommended for both parents and a surrogate to have the attorney or the professional from the surrogacy agency who will clarify them all the necessary moments about the legal side of surrogacy. However, in comparison with the traditional type of surrogacy, gestational surrogacy laws are not as complicated because in the majority of cases at least one of the intended parents is genetically native to the baby. This significantly simplifies the legal process.
Also, surrogacy laws, especially for its gestational type differ significantly from one country and state to another. You will have to resort to the help of an attorney or professional from the surrogacy agency to sort out whether such type of surrogacy is allowed or it is prohibited in your country or state and what are the main peculiarities of these laws.
What is the Cost of the Gestational Surrogacy?
There is no certain price that will be similar for all cases of gestational surrogacy. Many decisive factors influence the cost of this process that may change the final sum greatly. According to an average cost of surrogacy, or if be more concrete of the gestational surrogacy, its cost varies from $70000 – $145000 and more. The cost of surrogacy includes all expenses such as surrogate mother’s compensation, attorney’s fee, surrogacy agency’s fee, cost of all medical examinations and procedures, as well as living expenses for a surrogate mother. Each of these factors may change significantly. For example, your insurance policy may cover a certain part of medical examinations and procedures, which significantly reduces the final sum. Also, surrogate mother’s compensations may vary greatly as well as expenses for her living and travel expenses. In addition to this, depending on which country you live in, the attorney’s fee may vary greatly. You should clarify each of these factors to evaluate the total cost of the gestational surrogacy and plan which part of your budget you are ready to direct to this process.
Words of Conclusion
As well as the traditional type, gestational surrogacy is a serious challenge for a family. But when at the end this challenge is rewarded with the priceless gift – genetically native baby, the couple will forget all the difficulties that occurred on their way and feel all the joy of raising so long-awaited baby.